Andrei Vyshinsky, A Soviet Criticism of the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan, September 18, 1947.

The Soviets withdrew from participating in the Marshall Plan in part because they viewed American motives in rebuilding western Europe, especially Germany, with suspicion. The plan threatened Soviet control of the eastern bloc as much as it renewed fears of German recovery and remilitarization. Therefore, the Soviets quickly consolidated their economic control over the satellite countries and formulated a communist counterpart. Andrei Vyshinskys critical evaluation of the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan underscored Soviet views that the Americans had violated international laws governing the interference of one country in anothers economic and political affairs. The Russians regarded U.S. aid to western Europe as a desperate measure to avoid crisis within their own capitalistic system; in their view, the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan also represented an attempt by the United States to divide Europe along ideological and economic lines.


Andrei VyshinskyA Soviet Criticism of the Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan September 18, 1947

The so-called Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan are particularly glaring examples of the manner in which the principles of the United Nation are violated, of the way in which the organization is ignored.

As the experience of the past few months has shown, the proclamation of this doctrine meant that the United States government has moved towards a direct renunciation of the principles of international collaboration and concerted action by the great powers and towards attempts to impose its will on other independent states, while at the same time obviously using the economic resources distributed as relief to individual needy nations as an instrument of political pressure. This is clearly proved by the measures taken by the United States government with regard to Greece and Turkey which ignore and bypass the United Nations as well as by the measures proposed under the so-called Marshall Plan in Europe. This policy conflicts sharply with the principle expressed by the General Assembly in its resolution of 11 December 1946, which declares that relief supplies to other countries "should ... at no time be used as a political weapon."

As is now clear, the Marshall Plan constitutes in essence merely a variant of the Truman Doctrine adapted to the conditions of postwar Europe. In bringing forward this plan, the United States government apparently counted on the cooperation of governments of the United Kingdom and France to confront the European countries in need of relief with the necessity of renouncing their inalienable right to dispose of their economic resources and to plan their national economy in their own way. The United States also counted on making all these countries directly dependent on the interests of American monopolies, which are striving to avert the approaching depression by an accelerated export of commodities and capital to Europe. ...

It is becoming more and more evident to everyone that the implementation of the Marshall Plan will mean placing European countries under the economic and political control of the United States and direct interference by the latter in the internal affairs of those countries.

Moreover, this plan is an attempt to split Europe into two camps and, with the help of the United Kingdom and France, to complete the formation of a bloc of several European countries hostile to the interests of the democratic countries of Eastern Europe and most particularly to the interests of the Soviet Union.

An important feature of this plan is the attempt to confront the countries of Eastern Europe with a bloc of Western European states including Western Germany. The intention is to make use of Western Germany and German heavy industry (the Ruhr) as one of the most important economic bases for American expansion in Europe, in disregard of the national interests of the countries which suffered from German aggressionˇ.